Adverbial Clause

Adverbial Clause adalah Clause (anak kalimat) yang berfungsi sebagai Adverb, yakni menerangkan kata kerja.

Adverbial Clause biasanya diklasifikasikan berdasarkan “arti/maksud” dari Conjunction (kata penghubung yang mendahuluinya).

Jenis-jenis Adverbial Clause :

1. Clause of Time

Clause yang menunjukkan waktu, dibuat dengan menggunakan conjunction (kata penghubung) seperti after, before, no sooner, while, as, dll.

Contoh:

  • Shut the door before you go out.
  • You may begin when(ever) you are ready.
  • While he was walking home, he saw an accident.
  • No sooner had she entered than he gave an order.

2. Clause of Place

Clause yang menunjukkan tempat, biasanya dibuat dengan menggunakan conjunction seperti where, nowhere, anywhere, wherever, dll.

Contoh:

  • The guard stood where he was positioned.
  • Where there is a will, there is a way.
  • Where there is poverty, there we find discontent and unrest.
  • Go where you like.

3. Clause of Contrast (or Concession)

Clause yang menunjukkan adanya pertentangan antara dua kejadian/peristiwa yang saling berhubungan. Biasanya dibuat dengan menggunakan conjunction seperti although, though, even though, whereas, even if, in spite of, as the time, dll.

Contoh:

  • As the time you were sleeping, we were working hard.
  • Mary wanted to stop, whereas I wanted to go on.
  • Although it is late, we’ll stay a little longer.
  • He is very friendly, even if he is a clever student.

4. Clause of Manner

Clause yang menunjukkan cars bagaimana suatu pekerjaan dilakukan atau peristiwa terjadi. Biasanya dibuat dengan menggunakan conjunction (kata penghubung) seperti as, how, like, in that, dll.

Contoh:

  • He did as I told him.
  • You may finish it how you like.
  • They may beat us again, like they did in 1978.

5. Clause of Purpose and Result

Clause yang menunjukkan hubungan maksud/tujuan dan hasil. Biasanya dibuat dengan menggunakan kata penghubung seperti (in order) that, so that, in the hope that, to the end that, lest, in case, dll.

Contoh:

  • They went to the movie early (in order) to find the best seats.
  • She bought a book so (that) she could learn English
  • He is saving his money so that he may take a long vacation.
  • I am working night and day in the hope that I can finish this book soon.

6. Clause of Cause and Effect

Clause yang menunjukkan hubungan sebab dan akibat. Ada beberapa pola membentuk Clause jenis ini.

Contoh:

  • It was so cold yesterday that I didn’t want to swim.
  • She has such exceptional abilities that everyone is jealous of her.
  • It was such a hot day that we decided to stay indoors. ATAU It was so hot a day that we decided to stay indoors.

Di samping itu, untuk mengungkapkan hubungan cause and effect (sebab dan akibat) dapat digunakan pola lain, yaitu:

1.       Menggunakan Preposition (kata depan) seperti because of, due to, due to the fact that, dll

Contoh:

  • Because of the cold weather, we stayed home. (=We stayed home because of the cold weather)
  • Due to the cold weather, we stayed home. (=We stayed home due to the cold weather)

2.       Menggunakan kata penghubung (conjunction) seperti because, since, now, that, as, as long as, inasmuch as

Contoh:

  • Since he’s not interested in classical music, he decided not to go to the concert.
  • Because he was sleepy, he went to bed.

3.       Menggunakan transition words seperti therefore, consequently.

Contoh:

  • Alex failed the test because he didn’t study.
  • Alex didn’t study. Therefore, he failed the test.
  • Alex didn’t study. Consequently, he failed the test.

7. Clause of Condition

Clause yang menunjukkan adanya persyaratan antara dua kejadian (peristiwa) yang berhubungan. Biasanya dibuat dengan menggunakan conjunctions seperti if, even if, unless, in the even that, or in even that, in case, provided (that), providing (that), on condition that, if only, suppose (that), supposing (that), dll.

Contoh:

  • If I see him, I will invite him to the party tomorrow.
  • She would forgive her husband everything, if only he would come back to her.
  • Suppose (that) your house burns down, do you have enough insurance to cover such a loss.

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